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Nikolai Petrov
Nikolai Petrov

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Al Akhdari Arabe Francais Pdf 14: A Guide to the Famous Book on Maliki Fiqh




Are you interested in learning about al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14, a renowned book on Islamic spirituality and jurisprudence? Do you want to know more about its author, content, benefits and resources? If yes, then you are in the right place. In this article, I will provide you with a comprehensive guide to this valuable book that covers both the inward and outward aspects of Islam according to the Maliki school.




al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14



Introduction




What is al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14 and why is it important? Who is the author of the book and what is his background? What are the main topics covered in the book and how are they organized?


What is al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14 and why is it important?




Al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14 is a PDF file that contains the Arabic text and the French translation of a famous book on Islamic spirituality and jurisprudence written by Imam Abd al-Rahman al-Akhdari (d. 1546 CE). The book is also known as Mukhtasar al-Akhdari or The Abridged Akhdari, because it summarizes the essential teachings of two sciences: tasawwuf (sufism) and fiqh (jurisprudence) according to the Maliki school.


This book is important because it provides a comprehensive and practical guide for Muslims who want to purify their souls from sins and vices, and perform their acts of worship correctly according to the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It also helps Muslims to understand the wisdom and beauty of Islam, as well as its compatibility with human nature.


Who is the author of the book and what is his background?




The author of this book is Imam Abd al-Rahman al-Akhdari, a prominent scholar, jurist, mystic, poet, and reformer who lived in Algeria in the 15th century CE. He was born in a village called Akhdara near Biskra, hence his name. He studied under various eminent teachers in Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco, and Mecca. He was well-versed in various disciplines such as Quran, Hadith, Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Kalam, Tasawwuf, Arabic language, literature, history, astronomy, medicine, etc.


He wrote many books on different topics, but his most famous work is Mukhtasar al-Akhdari, which he composed when he was only 23 years old. He dedicated this book to his teacher Shaykh Ahmad Zarruq (d. 1493 CE), who was one of the greatest scholars and saints of his time. Imam al-Akhdari died in Mecca in 1546 CE at the age of 73.


What are the main topics covered in the book and how are they organized?




- The second part deals with fiqh (jurisprudence), which is the science of applying the rulings of Islam to various situations and actions. It covers the rules of worship such as prayer, zakat, fasting, hajj, etc., according to the Maliki school, which is one of the four major schools of Sunni Islam. It also explains the evidences and reasoning behind these rules from the Quran and the Sunnah. The book is organized in a simple and logical way, starting from the most important and fundamental topics to the less important and secondary ones. It uses a question and answer format, where the author poses a question and then answers it briefly and clearly. It also provides examples and illustrations to make the concepts easier to understand. The Book Content




In this section, I will give you a brief overview of the main topics covered in each part of the book.


The first part: The purification of the soul and the heart




This part consists of 14 chapters that deal with various aspects of tasawwuf (sufism), such as:


  • The definition and importance of tasawwuf in Islam



  • The levels and stages of the spiritual path



  • The virtues and manners of the seeker of Allah



  • The diseases of the heart and their remedies



Some of the key points discussed in this part are:


  • Tasawwuf is the science of purifying the soul from its defects and adorning it with its virtues. It is based on following the Quran and the Sunnah, and seeking the guidance of the righteous scholars and saints.



  • The spiritual path consists of three levels: Islam, Iman, and Ihsan. Islam is to submit to Allah by obeying His commands and avoiding His prohibitions. Iman is to believe in Allah and His messengers, angels, books, destiny, etc. Ihsan is to worship Allah as if you see Him, or as if He sees you.



  • The seeker of Allah should have certain qualities such as sincerity, repentance, patience, gratitude, trust, love, fear, hope, etc. He should also avoid certain vices such as pride, envy, anger, greed, etc.



  • The diseases of the heart are those traits that prevent one from attaining closeness to Allah and His pleasure. They include shirk (associating partners with Allah), nifaq (hypocrisy), riya (showing off), hasad (envy), kibr (pride), ghadab (anger), hirs (greed), etc. The remedies for these diseases are to seek Allah's forgiveness, to remember Him often, to follow His commands and avoid His prohibitions, to seek His help and protection, to be humble and content, etc.



The second part: The rules of worship according to the Maliki school




This part consists of 14 chapters that deal with various aspects of fiqh (jurisprudence), such as:


  • The definition and importance of fiqh in Islam



  • The sources and principles of the Maliki school



  • The conditions and pillars of the prayer



  • The rulings on zakat, fasting, hajj and other acts of worship



Some of the key points discussed in this part are:


  • Fiqh is the science of applying the rulings of Islam to various situations and actions. It is based on deriving these rulings from the Quran and the Sunnah, as well as other sources such as ijma (consensus), qiyas (analogy), istihsan (preference), etc.



  • The Maliki school is one of the four major schools of Sunni Islam. It was founded by Imam Malik ibn Anas (d. 795 CE), who was one of the greatest scholars and jurists in Islamic history. He compiled his famous book Al-Muwatta, which is considered one of the earliest and most authentic collections of hadiths.



  • The prayer is one of the five pillars of Islam. It has certain conditions that must be fulfilled before performing it, such as purity, facing the qibla (direction of Mecca), covering the awra (private parts), etc. It also has certain pillars that must be performed during it, such as takbirat al-ihram (saying Allahu akbar at the beginning), ruku (bowing), sujud (prostrating), tashahhud (testifying), etc.



- of wealth, such as money, gold, silver, livestock, crops, etc. The rate of zakat varies depending on the type and amount of wealth. The purpose of zakat is to purify one's wealth and soul, and to help the poor and needy. - Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is to abstain from food, drink, sexual intercourse, and other invalidators from dawn to sunset during the month of Ramadan. The purpose of fasting is to attain taqwa (piety), gratitude, patience, and self-control. - Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is to perform certain rites and rituals in and around Mecca during the month of Dhul-Hijjah. The purpose of hajj is to fulfill one's obligation to Allah, to seek His forgiveness and mercy, and to experience unity and brotherhood with other Muslims. - Other acts of worship include wudu (ablution), ghusl (bathing), tayammum (dry ablution), adhan (call to prayer), iqama (second call to prayer), salat al-janaza (funeral prayer), salat al-istikhara (prayer for guidance), salat al-tarawih (night prayer in Ramadan), salat al-eid (festival prayer), etc. The Book Benefits




In this section, I will highlight some of the benefits of studying al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14, as well as some of the resources and tools that can help you in your learning journey.


The advantages of studying al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14




Studying al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14 has many advantages, such as:


  • It combines both the inward and outward aspects of Islam, which are essential for a balanced and holistic approach to religion.



  • It follows a clear and concise methodology, which makes it easy to understand and memorize.



  • It is based on authentic evidences and sound opinions, which makes it reliable and trustworthy.



  • It is suitable for beginners and advanced students alike, as it covers the basics as well as the details of each topic.



The resources and tools for studying al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14




There are many resources and tools that can help you study al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14, such as:


  • The original Arabic text and its French translation, which you can download from various websites or purchase from online or offline bookstores.



  • The commentaries and explanations by various scholars, such as Shaykh Ahmad Zarruq, Shaykh Muhammad al-Amin al-Dahhak, Shaykh Bouziani Derradji, etc., which you can find in books or online articles.



  • The online courses and lectures by qualified teachers, such as those offered by Madinah College, Shaykh Rami Nsour, Shaykh Muhammad Yaseen, etc., which you can access online or offline.



  • The quizzes and exercises to test your understanding, such as those provided by Memrise, Quizlet, ProProfs, etc., which you can use online or offline.



Conclusion




In conclusion, al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14 is a valuable book that teaches you how to purify your soul and perform your worship according to the Maliki school. It is a book that every Muslim should study and benefit from. I hope this article has given you a good overview of this book and its benefits. I also hope that you will take action and download or purchase this book and start studying it with the help of the resources and tools mentioned above.


Remember that knowledge is only beneficial if it leads to action. So do not just read this book, but act upon it. Pray to Allah sincerely, repent from your sins sincerely, follow His commands sincerely, avoid His prohibitions sincerely, seek His pleasure sincerely. May Allah bless you with His guidance and mercy.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14:


  • What is the difference between tasawwuf and fiqh?



Tasawwuf is the science of purifying the soul from its diseases and adorning it with its virtues. Fiqh is the science of applying the rulings of Islam to various situations and actions. Both sciences are complementary and necessary for a complete understanding and practice of Islam.


  • What is the difference between the Maliki school and other schools of fiqh?



- and interpretations, such as relying more on the practice of the people of Medina, using istihsan (preference) as a legal principle, and giving more weight to public interest and custom.


  • How can I download or purchase al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14?



You can download al akhdari arabe francais pdf 14 from various websites, such as Scribd, Archive.org, Islam.ms, etc. You can also purchase it from online or offline bookstores, such as Amazon, Librairie Sana, Maison d'Ennour, etc.


  • How can I learn more about Imam al-Akhdari and his works?



You can learn more about Imam al-Akhdari and his works by reading his biography, such as The Life and Works of Abd al-Rahman al-Akhdari by Shaykh Muhammad Yaseen. You can also read his other books, such as Al-Mukhtasar al-Saghir (The Small Abridgement), which is a summary of his larger work Al-Mukhtasar al-Kabir (The Great Abridgement), which covers all the branches of fiqh according to the Maliki school.


  • How can I improve my Arabic and French skills while studying this book?



You can improve your Arabic and French skills while studying this book by reading the original text and its translation side by side, comparing the words and sentences, looking up the meanings and pronunciations of unfamiliar words, writing down notes and summaries, practicing speaking and listening with a native speaker or a teacher, etc.



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